Autonomous ships is remote built ship where all the operations are performed by remote control mechanism and these operations are run by human located at shore. It requires high-quality and reliable communication systems between the unmanned ship and shore. Autonomous ships is based on process of integrated sensor technology, control algorism, communication and connectivity. Autonomous ships focuses on automated collision avoidance by using the maritime anti-collision regulations. Similarly, it utilizes fusion of data from our dynamic positioning and navigation, marine automation, satellite and position reference. The control system used for autonomous ships is based on RADAR technology. Autonomous ships control system is connected to the simulator. In autonomous shipping, control algorithms is used to create a detailed 3D map of the operational area in order to secure safe autonomous operation. Sensors are used to identify problematic conditions such as unexpected objects in the sea, dangerous weather conditions or danger of collision. Autonomous shipping requires testing technology which will do testing of operational area and ship.
Most of marine casualty occur due to human errors. This is very serious issue and to overcome this issue, autonomous ships market is introduced. Global autonomous ships market is designed with a larger cargo capacity and lower wind resistance. Global autonomous ship market reduces human based errors, thereby reduces the number of accidents and allows improved optimization of operations and processes. Meanwhile, it provides financial savings through crew salaries and the omission of crew accommodation. Driving factor for global autonomous ships market is, it has ability to tackling many issues related to marine transportation such fatality, adverse climate situations and criminal activities. Moreover, it has capability to use space in ship design efficiently, better fuel effectiveness and decrease in transportation time. Global autonomous ships market has special tool which performs important tasks such as energy supervision, equipment health monitoring, and analytical and remote maintenance for the autonomous ships. In addition, it provides higher levels of safety. However, control system for global autonomous ship market is very complicated process. Similarly control system is operated by human at shore so there is possibility of human error. These factor can restrain the growth of autonomous ship market globally. In forecasting period autonomous ship market will allow wireless observing and control tasks. It requires advanced decision support systems to run a proficiency to operate ships remotely. Due to advanced technological aspect, the demand for global autonomous ship market is anticipated to boost in estimated period.